Guide Tourism and Archaeology: Sustainable Meeting Grounds

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  1. Meath Archaeological and Historical Society (MAHS) |
  2. Tourism and Archaeology: Sustainable Meeting Grounds
  3. Sustainable Meeting Grounds, 1st Edition

At first the burial constructions uncovered by excavations were left in situ without any substantial treatment. With the development of presentation methods, it was possible to prepare attractive 3D models of chosen burial features. This way the archaeological monument is offered to the public in its original shape without the necessity to visit a museum; archaeological sites of this type represented in museums often lose their attractiveness.

A leading Czech researcher into prehistoric architecture, Z. This mostly concerned residential houses. Preserved building elements are invaluable to reconstructions of this type. The author presents basic known construction principals and methods of realisation of single house elements.

She lists three sources of information: primary, secondary and tertiarty, with their basic characteristics. Unger, L. They also point out the importance of the fast development of information technologies, which strongly permeates archaeology. Here they especially appreciate the possibilities of utilising 3D scanning and 3D modelling for presentations of archaeological objects. Using these technologies virtual museums and archaeological monuments are available to the wider public with a high quality of information and without the danger of damage.

The author presents two examples of virtual museums founded using a project of the Archaeological Institute of the Czech Academy of Science in Prague. It is the first reconstruction of a house from this period in the Czech Republic. In this case we can talk about the realisation of a true experiment: the authors present the documented method of daubing the walls and ceiling.

They pay attention to the material used for daubing, its usage, time consumption et cetera.

Cultural Heritage for increased Sustainable Tourism

They also took samples of clay to attempt to gain comparative material to help to analyse daub from archaeological evidence of this type of houses. The second part of the experiment was the testing of theories on how smoke from the internal fireplace left buildings. A smoke hole placed in the upper part of the gable wall was shown to work as presumed meaning the smoke collecting under the high ceiling exited the building through this hole.

The aim of the construction was to remind the public of the archaeological heritage uncovered during excavations preceding the building of the Mohan-Danube canal. Although they could not prepare accurate reconstruction, visitors can see various constructions and abstract visualisations. In these cases, the creators of the archaeopark face the task of maintaining the exhibits and protecting them from vandalism. Medieval or Classical features are more suitable for reconstruction as usually a larger part of original building is preserved.

Meath Archaeological and Historical Society (MAHS) |

However, even in these cases some elements and details of constructions are replaced by fictional elements, models or looser reconstruction. This can lead to misrepresentation of the original look of the feature. The author introduces some structures created as a part of the reconstruction of the Roman Limit. Gradually reconstructions of a partially sunken house from the early Middle Ages, a Slavic house, a Germanic house and a Neolithic long house were created.

A prehistoric method for the storage of agricultural produce was represented through the reconstruction of a storage pit directly within the excavated feature. From the beginning I. An experiment was dedicated to the exploration of life within the buildings and their heating.

Tourism and Archaeology: Sustainable Meeting Grounds

Chvojka, P. Trnka presented a topic different to the ones presented above: the reconstruction of a Bronze Age weaving loom. This task was made difficult by the lack of physical evidence for such a device from that period. Usually the only surviving parts of a loom are the weights of the vertical warp, or channel like features from the Urnfield culture period in South and West Bohemia, South Germany and Austria.

These features are interpreted as manipulation pits, within which people operating the weaving looms moved whilst working. In , at the small archaeopark in the Pilsen Zoo, a reconstruction of a loom which built which was partially based on later iconographic sources. They succeeded in suggesting a relation between the channels and the placement of the loom because weights placed in the channels made weaving on the loom easier. Kocanda, P. This attempt is rather devalued by the fact that there were no remains of such a building discovered within the grounds.

The authors defend their reconstructions by claiming that their existence is justifiable and that they will contribute to the presentation of life within the castle grounds in a wider context. If the reconstructions are accompanied with such an explanation, then it is a correct move. If the above information is concealed, then the reconstructions are misleading.

The last contribution was prepared by R. She asks if reconstructions fulfil expectations invested in them by archaeology. Is it science or just an activity? The author expresses the concern that reconstructions answer to external pressures rather than to science, which results in conforming to the needs of the public while compromising on science. As archaeologists we should not allow this! The attached bibliographical index of all previous proceedings from the Archaeological working group meetings is very useful. The problems of the relation between science and the public is gaining on importance.

The more that members of the public understand our efforts, the more defenders of our work we gain. Maybe it would be advantageous for all experimenters and experientialists to meet as often as possible and share their experience with each other within archaeology, and also to present these experiences with the public as soon as possible. I believe that this would be beneficial for everybody. If you have any queries about republishing please contact us. Heritage practitioners were encouraged to rethink their heritage sites as assets of economic development in order to increase sustainable management and use of these sites.

The aim and task of the day was to evaluate how mutually beneficial partnerships could be coordinated. The day was divided into two parts. Firstly presentations were given by international experts in combination with active workshops. During the workshops the participants were encouraged to explore the possibilities for PPPs at selected sites in Sri Lanka.

A starting point for new collaborations and ways of thinking. Status: Complete.

Duration: This workshop was organised at the Maritime Archaeological Museum in Galle in The two day programme covered the central themes of: built heritage, heritage tourism, mutual heritage, maritime archaeology, monuments and legislation as well as museums and archives. Our heritage days provide the opportunity to connect participants working with Sri Lankan organisations and encourage them to share knowledge and experience. Heritage pracitioners were also able to present their own projects through a series of posters which were exhibitied throughout the event.

Sustainable Meeting Grounds, 1st Edition

The discussions showed that the Sri Lankan heritage field are eager to implement new cultural heritage projects and to conduct further research as well as to raise awareness on mutual cultural heritage. A central theme for the Sri Lankan practitioners is the emphasis upon heritage tourism as an incentive to engage in heritage programmes. Partners: Rijksmuseum Volkenkunde. Their presentations were followed by workshops in the afternoon centering around the themes: academic cooperation, archaeology and history, capacity building and the mutuality of mutual heritage.

See some of the Heritage Day posters below:. The Sri Lankan Ministry of Cultural Affairs and National Heritage developed this project with the aim to promote cultural tourism in Sri Lanka and to improve the living standards of those people living in and around its' heritage sites. The focus of this project would also include the rehabilitation of the Southern region in particular. The majority of the heritage sites which were identified for the project were of interest to both Sri Lanka and the Netherlands.

CIE's Role:. CIE was requested by the Sri Lankan authorities to provide technical assistance and to coordinate the input of Dutch expertise during the implementation of the projects. Expertise was requested on several topics, including; climate control, museum management, digitisation and historical research. CIE organised for him an extensive study tour on museum management in the Netherlands. He visited various Dutch institutions including the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam Historical Museum, Rijksmuseum van Oudheden as well as attending an expert meeting with the Dutch heritage field. This project was developed within the framework of shared cultural heritage. It was decided to establish an interactive online database regarding shared heritage cooperation with the priority countries.